The Bible Distinction
between the two houses of
“Israel” and “Judah”
Today there is much teaching on the subject of prophecy, and it is important that there should be. It is very important for every student of prophecy, in fact it is absolutely necessary for their understanding, to see the distinction the Bible makes between the Jews and the other Tribes of Israel. Until this distinction, between the two houses, Israel and Judah, as taught in the Scriptures, is clearly understood, a great portion of the Bible will remain a closed book.
This clear distinction between the two houses is never lost sight of in the Bible, and, until it is understood, it is impossible to follow the truth of Scripture on this subject, or to understand the Bible story of Israel. If we had time, we could show you that ignorance of this distinction is responsible for much of the infidelity today. Because the pre-millennial promises God made to the “House of Israel” has not been fulfilled to the “House of Judah”, they have accused God of unfaithfulness.
Many people today suppose that, where Israel is mentioned in the Bible, it means the Jews. We read articles and hear sermons today in which the writers and speakers refer to “Abraham, the Jew”. Isaac and Jacob are often called Jews, the most absurd and impossible thing, as we shall see from the Scriptures. It is a common thing to hear ministers and writers use such phrases as the following:
“The Jews in Egypt”
“The Exodus of the Jews”
“The Jews at Mt. Sinai”
“When the Jews entered Canaan”
“12 Tribes of the Jew”
“Abraham the Jew”.
Thousands of Christians use the terms “Israel”, “Jew”, “The House of Israel”, “The House of Judah”, employing these and similar words and phrases as if they always referred to the same people. They do not know, that according to Bible history, there were no “Jews” known as such, until about 15 centuries after Abraham was born, and until 600 years after the death of Moses.
Most Hebrews not Jews.
Beginning with Adam, we have the start, not only of chronology, but also of the genealogical tables of the Bible. There are ten generations from Adam to Noah, and ten generations from Shem (Noah’s son) to Abraham. Eber or Heber was the fourth in generation from Shem. All the descendants of Heber were Hebrews.
Abraham was six generations later. He therefore, was a Hebrew. The Hebrews were not Jews, because Judah, from whom the Jews descended, was not yet born. When the time came that there were Jews on the earth, of course they also were Hebrews - a very small portion of them - but the great mass of Hebrews were not Jews, and are not today.
Let us closely follow the facts:
Abraham had eight sons.
One son was Ishmael, whose mother was Hagar.
One son was Isaac, whose mother was Sarah.
After Sarah’s death, Abraham married Keturah, and she bore unto him six sons.
Abraham, being a Hebrew or descendant of Heber, his descendants would of course be Hebrews, and their descendants would also be Hebrews, but their descendants are not Jews.
If they are, then Ishmael was a Jew, and as the Arabs are the descendants of Ishmael, that would make the Arabs Jews. The descendants of Keturah’s six sons became the Brahmins of India. It would be foolish to declare that they are Jews, although, as the descendants of Abraham, they are of the stock of Heber, and therefore Hebrews.
The same reasoning applies to Isaac.
Isaac was a Hebrew, the son of Abraham.
Now Isaac had two sons, Esau and Jacob.
If Isaac was a Jew, then both Esau and Jacob would be Jews. This would make the descendants of Esau also Jews, but the descendants of Esau became the Edomites, later the Turks; also the Pharaohs, of the oppression were of the Esau line, but none of these people are Jews.
To call Abraham a Jew, would make him a descendant of Isaac’s yet unborn grandson Judah.
The tribe of Judah had no existence on earth during the time of Abraham and Isaac. If Isaac was a Jew, then surely his twin sons, Jacob and Esau would be Jews.
We all know that Esau, Jacob’s twin brother, became the progenitor of the Turks, as they are known today. If Jacob was a Jew, how could it be that his twin brother would not be, since they were both born of the same father and mother?
Descendants do not name their ancestors.
Jacob, one of these twin brothers, had 12 sons, which came from four different mothers. None of these 12 sons were Jews.
One of his 12 sons was Judah, but in the sense in which we use the word “Jew” today, the term cannot be applied to Judah, for he was not a Jew.
It is a fact that they whom we call Jews today, have certain characteristics and are racially a type that came into existence hundreds of years after Israel left Egypt.
This racial type or remnant we know as the Jews is only a small portion of the descendants of Judah who was only one of the 12 sons of Jacob. There are no Jews among any of the descendants of Jacob’s other 11 sons.
Now Judah had three sons.
The descendants of one son, Zarah, peopled the shores of the Mediterranean, leaving Egypt before the exodus of the children of Israel.
Pharez the twin brother of Zarah, became the progenitor of the tribe of Judah.
The tribe of Judah descending from Pharez was divided by the LORD into two Houses - the “House of David and the House of Judah”.
Abraham was the father of Isaac; Isaac was the father of Jacob; Jacob, who was later named “Israel”, became the father of:
Reuben, Simeon, Levi, Judah, Dan, Naphtali, Gad, Asher, Issachar, Zebulun, Joseph and Benjamin.
The 12 sons each became the head of a “tribe” called after his own personal name.
From Judah, the fourth son of Jacob are descended the Jews; the word “Jew” being simply an abbreviation of the name “Judah”.
A glance at the genealogy will show that it is impossible for Abraham, or Isaac, or Jacob, to have been Jews. Only the descendants of Judah - those coming after him, could be called by his name - not his ancestors.
No one had ever been named “Judah” until more than 200 years after Abraham was named.
Suppose your parents gave you the name of Charles. That does not name your ancestors, who lived 200 years before you, Charles. And naming Jacob’s fourth son Judah would not make Abraham, his great, great grand-father a Jew.
Israel and Judah separate Nations.
The 12 Tribes of Israel became two nations, with widely different destinies, until the time when they will be united in the coming age. (Ezek. 37:22).
The distinction or separation between Judah and Israel was foreshadowed at an early date.
We read in Psalm 114:1-2; “When Israel went out of Egypt - - - -, Judahwas His sanctuary and Israel His dominion”.
In Samuel’s day, the two Houses, Judah and Israel, were numbered separately.
In 1 Samuel 11:8 we read:
And when he numbered them in Bezek, the children of Israel were three hundred thousand and the men of Judah thirty thousand.
Notice that even at this early date, Israel numbered ten times more that Judah. The numerical contrast today is very much greater. The Bible tells us that the Jews would be “few in number”, but it tells us that Israel would be as the sands of the sea for multitudes - (Hosea 1:10).
The Scriptures tell us that David reigned seven year’s over Judah before he was made king over Israel. If Judah and Israel are the same, how could David be king for years over Judah before he was made king over Israel?
Until the year 975 BC the descendants of Jacob formed one nation. But they are spoken of as “the two families”, which the LORD hath chosen - Jeremiah 33:24.
In the year 975 BC at the death of King Solomon, the nation was divided into two nations.
In 1 Samuel 18:16, the expression “All Israel” is used, when Judah is excluded. I will quote you this passage:
“But all Israel and Judah loved David, because he went out and came in before them”.
In 2 Chronicles 10:12-14, we are told that when King Solomon died, and his son Rehoboam came to the throne, the 10 tribes rebelled, and under Jeroboam, formed the NORTHERN NATION; while Judah, along with Benjamin and certain Levites, formed the SOUTHERN NATION.
TheNORTHERN NATION, who consisted of the Ten Tribes, was known under the following national titles: “Israel”, “Ephraim”, “Isaac”, “Samaria”, “The House of Israel”, “The House of Joseph” and “The Ten Tribes”.
The Division was of God.
The SOUTHERN NATION, who consisted of the two tribes of Judah and Benjamin, was known as “Judah”, “The House of Judah” or “The Jews”. The capital of the SOUTHERN NATION was Jerusalem.
If I had more time, I would quote you the Scriptures, which show that this division of the Tribe of Israel into two nations was Divinely Predetermined, Divinely Predicted, Divinely Emphasized, Divinely Maintained, Divinely Accomplished, Divinely Explained, and Divinely Approved.
The Scriptures show that this division into two kingdoms had behind it and controlling it, the foreordained eternal councils of God, and it took place for great, beneficent, well-defined and divine reasons.
In Jeremiah the 3rd chapter, Israel is five times called “Backsliding Israel”, a term never once applied to Judah, and Judah is four times called “Treacherous Judah”, a term not once applied to Israel.
I will read you this passage:
“And I saw, when for all the causes whereby backsliding Israel committed adultery I had put her away, and given her a bill of divorce; yet her treacherous sister Judah feared not, but went and played the harlot also - (Jeremiah 3:8).
Ask those who declare that Israel and Judah are the same people, to read that passage, analyzing it in the light of their belief. And there are many such passages showing the clear distinction between Israel and Judah.
There are more than 2000 references to Israel in the Bible that has no reference whatsoever to the Jews.
On the other hand, there are more than 500 references to Judah that have no reference to Israel.
Yet there are those continually trying to tell us there is no distinction between Israel and Judah, and continually refer to Israel as Jews, and even change the name of Judah to Israel. It is as absurd as to use the words “ America” and “England” interchangeably.
Here is another quotation for them to explain:
“Backsliding Israel hath justified herself more then treacherous Judah.”
Make Israel and Judah one and the same people referred to, and the statement becomes ridiculous.
Many today are evidently unacquainted with the fact that, according to Biblical history, there was not a single “Jew” known as such, upon the face of the earth earlier than 600 years after the death of Moses, or about 1500 years after Abraham was born. There were, of course, Hebrews and Israelites long before the time. Abraham and Isaac were Hebrews; but they were neither Israelites nor Jews.
The 12 sons of Jacob were Hebrews and Israelites, but they were not Jews. The same may be said of Moses and Aaron, of the people of the Northern Kingdom, of Elijah or Elisha.
To avoid confusion over the expression “Israel”, it is necessary to determine in which sense it is used in any particular passage, whether it means:
(1) “The whole of the Twelve Tribes”,
(2) “The House of Judah alone as being a part of the Twelve Tribes” or,
(3) “The Ten-Tribes Kingdom”.
Ten Tribes Israel never called Jews.
Nothing can be more unscriptural than to call all Israelites “Jews”. It is as absurd as calling all Americans - Californians.
Most of Israel is not Jews because they are the descendants of other tribes. There is just as much reason for calling all Israelites - “Danites” or “Gadites” or “Ephraimites”, as there is for calling them “Judahites” or “Jews”. It is just as reasonable to call all Jews - “Danites” as it is to call all Danites - “Jews”. The term Jew is never used until more than 1000 years after Abraham.
It appears for the first time in 2 Kings 16:6, where we are told that the king of Israel, together with the king of Assyria, made war against the king of Judah.
Now, since in this passage Israel, one Kingdom, made war against the Jews, another Kingdom, how can they both be the Jews?
The Scriptures never once refer to the Ten-Tribe House of Israel as “The Jews”, neither past, present nor future.
The term “The Jews” is never, in Gods Word, applied to the 12 Tribes collectively or to the Ten-Tribe House of Israel.
Bishop J. A. Allan of California, speaking of this modern confusion which we are discussing, writes: “For ecclesiastical writers to ignore the national and racial representative of Israelitic names of Joseph, Ephraim and Samaria (the names of Israel’s former capital city) as used in history and prophecy, and to substitute “The Jews” either as a name or as a people, calling them the sole representatives of Israel’s race, is not only the height of ignorance, butTHE GREAT ECCLESIASTICAL CRIME OF THE AGES.
“Truly an enemy has done this”.
In Jeremiah 13:11, nearly 400 years after the tribes were divided by God into the two kingdoms: “The whole House of Israel” and “The whole House of Judah”, are both spoken of in the same verse, proving that neither House without the other constitutes all the LORD’S chosen people.
“The whole house of Judah” is not all of the LORD’S people and “the whole House of Israel” is not all of the LORD’S people.
It takes “The whole House of Israel” together with “The whole House of Judah” to make all of God’s chosen people; and comparatively few of these are Jews.
This text proves conclusively that there is a people called “The whole House of Israel” of which “The whole House of Judah” is regarded as neither part nor parcel. The Holy Spirit has never, either in Biblical history or prophecy, called the Ten-Tribe House of Israel - “Jews”. (Informed and scriptural teachers have never called them "Jews" except by uninformed and unscriptural teachers.
Birthright People not Jews.
The fact that Jacob’s two wives, Leah and Rachel, are spoken of as “building the House of Israel” of necessity divides the immediate household of Jacob into “two families”.
In Jeremiah 33:24, they are spoken of as “the two families which the Lord hath chosen”.
The Covenant promise of the BIRTHRIGHT was given to one of these families, and that of the SCEPTRE to the other family.
Rachel was to be mother of “thousands of millions”,
while Leah was to be “the mother of royalty”.
Genesis 49:10 shows us that Judah represent the SCEPTRE family;
and 1 Chronicles 5:2 tells us THE BIRTHRIGHT is Joseph.
Never try to apply a BIRTHRIGHT blessing to the Jews. Judah and the Jews were excluded from the BIRTHRIGHT promises, Joseph from the SCEPTRE.
The BIRTHRIGHT people are not and are never called Jews in the Scriptures.
In Ezekiel chapter 37th, we are told that “the two Sticks” which are still separate but which are yet to be united, represent Judah on the one hand, and Joseph (“House of Israel”) on the other.
One of these sticks represents the SCEPTRE people and the other the BIRTHRIGHT people.
Judah, the inheritor of the SCEPTRE, and the BIRTHRIGHT inheritors, are “two families” with different mothers.
How could the distinction between the SCEPTRE and the BIRTHRIGHTfamilies, Judah and Israel, be more emphatic?
Israel distinct from Judah.
Unless we see the distinction between “the House of Israel” and “the House of Judah” from the time of the division till the final and glorious re-union of the two Houses, which will take place at the end of the “latter days”, the prophecies concerning Israel cannot be understood.
From the time of the division into two Kingdoms until now, Judah and Israel have remained absolutely distinct. They were carried into captivity separately, at different times and by different nations, because Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians, 721 BC - (2 Kings 17:6) while Judah was carried into captivity 133 years later by the Babylonians, 588 BC - (2 Kings 25:21 ).
A portion of Judah returned after 70 years, as had been predicted in Ezra 2:1, but Israel never returned, nor was there any prediction that she would return until the final, glorious restoration in the near future.
All the prophecies were written after the division of the tribes into two nations; and these prophecies give the whole future of Israel as entirely distinct from Judah.
The great Jewish historian, Josephus, writing from Rome in the year 70 AD which was nearly 800 years after Israel was taken into captivity by the Assyrians, says: “The entire body of the ten tribes are still beyond the Euphrates, an immense multitude not to be estimated by number”.
It is estimated that there were 50 million in Israel at the time of the division, and this was 800 years later.
Rev. Canon Faucett M.A. says in his “Critical and Expository Bible Encyclopedia”: “The idea that the house of Israel has been amalgamated and incorporated with the Jews is one of the most amazing errors of Biblical history.”
The prophets write of Israel and Judah still being separate people in “the latter days” or the days of the Gospel dispensation.
In the 37th chapter of Ezekiel is a prophecy yet to be fulfilled: God promising to unite the stick of Joseph, representing the House of Israel, with the stick of Judah, and make them one stick in His hand. This and many other Scriptures require that Israel and Judah be kept separate until, this union which has not yet taken place.
According to the prophet Hosea, the House of Israel in the last days was to become as the sand of the sea for number, before their re-union with the House of Judah, and their return, representatively, to Palestine - (Hosea 10:1 1 ).
Also, Jeremiah writes: “When ye be multiplied and increased in the land in those days the House of Judah shall walk to the House of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the North, to the land that I gave for an inheritance unto your fathers” - (Jeremiah 3:16-18).
In Jeremiah 30:3-4 we have a prophecy yet to be fulfilled concerning the uniting of the two Houses.
Here we read:
3 For, lo, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will bring again the captivity of my people Israel and Judah, saith the LORD: and I will cause them to return to the land that I gave to their fathers and they shall possess it.
4 And these are the words that the LORD spoke concerning Israel and concerning Judah.
Here God calls Israel and Judah - “my people Israel and Judah”. So if Judah, the Jews, are the people of the LORD, then the LORD has a “people” besides the Jews, whom He calls Israel and who are not counted among the Jews.
Long before the division took place, Moses, while prophesying unto the seed of Jacob, cried out:
“Hear Lord, the voice of Judah and bring him unto his people” - (Deut. 33:7)
This plainly shows that Judah was to be separated form his people and finally brought back to them. And the Scriptures tell us that this shall not be until the end of “the last days”.
No evidence for Amalgamation Theory.
Orthodox Jews, even to this day, know that they do not represent the Ten Tribe House of Israel. On the day of the Feast of Trumpets and on the Day of Atonement, they include in their prayer Jeremiah 31:20, and pray that Ephraim Israel (the Ten Tribes) may be united with them.
If we had time, we could quote from the testimony of Jewish scholars, and from their literature, showing that they know they are not representatives of the Ten-Tribe House of Israel.
We have quotations from the “Jewish Encyclopedia”, “The Jewish Religion”, “The Jewish Chronicle”, Rabbi Gershom, Prof. Neubauer, “The History and Literature of the Isralites”, “The Jewish Quarterly Review”, etc.
The Rabbi Dr. Hertz, of London, says: “People known at present as Jews are descendants of the Tribes of Judah and Benjamin and we look forward to the gathering of all the tribes at some future date”.
The learned Isaac Leiser says that: “The Israelitic nation was left in banishment after the return of the Jews from Babylon”.
Prof. Neubauer wrote: “The hope of the return of the Ten Tribes has never ceased among the Jews in exile”.
Josephus, a Jew, and loyal to Jewish history and tradition, wrote about 70 AD or about 800 years after the captivity of Ten-Tribe Israel, as follows: “The Ten Tribes did not return to Palestine, only two tribes served the Romans after Palestine became a Roman province”.
Jeremiah prophesied that only they, who were taken by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon, were to return. Then the historical fulfillment of that prophecy must see only a return of those taken to Babylon.
Both Ezra and Nehemiah testify to the fact that historically only those taken by Nebuchadnezzar to Babylon did return (Ezra chapter 2 and Nehemiah chapter 7).
The return to Palestine of the Ten-Tribes at any time in the past is contrary to Kings and Chronicles; Contrary to Ezra, Nehemiah, Zechariah, Jerome and Josephus, and to history.
In the prophecies that the “Two Sticks - Judah and the House of Israel” will become “one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel and one King, (the Lord Jesus Christ) shall be King to them all”.
We have Divine proof that the two Houses are still separate, because Christ is not reigning over them as King at the present time.
In connection with the return of the Jews from Babylon, Nehemiah says:
“I saw Jews that had married wives of Ashdod and of Ammon, and of Moab” - (Nehemiah 13:23).
Ezra declares the same fact, naming the Hittites as among those with whom marriages were consummated.
In Ezra 9:2, Ezra says:
They have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons; so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands; yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass.
You can see how the facial expression of all the descendants of these intermarriages would differ from that of the pure descendants of Judah, and still more from the BIRTHRIGHT tribes who were only half-brothers of Judah to begin with.
When Jesus told the Jews in his day that He would go where they could not find him, though they should seek for him, the Jews, knowing of Israel still in dispersion, inquired:
“- - - - - Will he go to the dispersed among the Gentiles? - - - - ” (John, 7:35).
This passage shows that the Jews knew that the Ten Tribes were still in dispersion amongst the Gentiles.
God divided the Abrahamic promises among Jacob’s twelve sons, and when he said through Jacob that Ephraim’s “seed shall became a multitude of nations”, he was not referring to the Jews who never have nor ever will be a “multitude of nations”.
God was speaking to the BIRTHRIGHT heirs.
The “nation and a company of nations” promised in Genesis 35:11, was a BIRTHRIGHTblessing to be fulfilled “in the last days” before Christ’s return (Genesis 49:1 ) to Joseph and his descendants (1 Chron.5:1 ), none of which are Jews.
In Jeremiah 31:9, God said: “Ephraim is my firstborn”.
In Genesis 48:19, Jacob said of Ephraim:
“ - - - - - - his seed shall become a multitude of nations”.
Just the opposite of what was said of Judah:
“He shall become a remnant”.
That this promise to Israel was not to Judah, is proven by the fact that Judah has never been a multitude of nations, and never will be.
And so, more than 2000 times God refers to Israel when what He says has no more to do with the Jews, than with the Germans, or the Italians, or the Chinese, or the Russians.
On the other hand, the words “Jew” is mentioned 265 times, and in no instance does it refer to the Northern Kingdom of Israel or to any of their descendants.
The Amalgamation theory receives no support from Holy Scripture.
The book of Micah plainly teaches that the Jews who “halted” were to become “a remnant”, while Israel “that was cast off”, was to became “a strong nation” - (Micah 4:7).
The bringing together of these “two families” is to be associated with the Kingdom-Age. Till then, they would be separate. Some errors are slow in dying, but this amalgamation assumption which falsifies hundreds of Scriptures is now only lingering upon its deathbed.
It is important to notice that neither the Major nor the Minor Prophets appear in the Old Testament until about 200 years after the division of the Twelve Tribes into two nations. What then, did they find, was the condition of God’s chosen race? Was there any sign of amalgamation among them? Not a scintilla.
The prophets found them still divided into two nations, as separate as France and Italy, as Britain and America. They had separate kings, separate administrations, separate national alliances, and, of course, separate national titles.
The national title of the Ten-Tribes was “Israel or Ephraim”, because the Tribe of Ephraim had became the Tribe of the Birthright, owing to the sin of Reuben.
We have seen that the national title of the other two tribes was “Judah”, a remnant of that was later called “the Jews”.
It was during this state of affairs that the prophets commenced their ministry some residing in the territory of Israel and others in that of Judah. The prophets addressed these two nations by the names that God gave them:–
“Israel” being the title which the Northern Nation had decided to retain; and “Judah” being the title, which the Southern Nation had decided to assume.
Hence we find that all through their writings, whether of warning, or rebuking, or directing, or consoling; and whether their words were historical or prophetically the prophets recognized the separate condition of the two nations and according addressed them by their chosen and well-known national titles.
Ten-Tribe Israel a non-Jewish People.
The separation into the two nations took place many years before any of the Major or Minor Prophets wrote. Therefore, the “Israel” known to Isaiah, Jeremiah, Ezekiel, the Minor Prophets, our LORD, the evangelist and the apostles had no tribe of Judah in it.
Israel, as known to all of these writers was non-Jewish people.
Israel has remained a non-Jewish people to this day!
The amalgamation theory is hopelessly discredited in the presence of the Bible. The closing books of Bible history leave Israel and Judah in separation from each other, while Bible prophecies keeps them separated until reconciled and united in the Kingdom-Age, and dwelling representatively in the Holy Land under the personnel reign of the Lord Jesus Christ, their welcomed and Crowned Messiah.
Hosea’s statement that Israel shall be “as the sand of the sea which cannot be measured nor numbered” is not made concerning Judah, Hosea 1:10. In the first chapter we read:
Then shall the children of Judah and the children of Israel be gathered together, and appoint themselves one head, and they shall come up out of the land: for great shall be the day of Jezreel.
Did the two nations of captive’s gather together, amalgamate while in the land of their captivities?
Did they together appoint themselves one head, when the small remnant of Judah returned from Babylonian?
Both Ezra and Nehemiah who were the historians of the Babylonian return inform us that this was not the case. That this uniting of Judah and Israel did not take place when the remnant of Judah returned after the Babylonian captivity is clearly proved by Jeremiah’s prophecy in the third chapter.
We are told that:
“In those days the house of Judah shall walk with the house of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers”, - (Jeremiah 3:18).
Nothing like this has yet taken place. The verse of Jer. 3:17, shows us that, when Israel and Judah unite, Jerusalem will be so fully under Divine truth and influence that she will be called “The throne of the LORD”. This shows us that this uniting of the two Houses has not yet taken place, and when it does, it will not be a Jewish nation, it will be the Nation of Israel.
Of this re-union of Israel and Judah,
Jeremiah 50:4, says:
“In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the children of Israel shall come, they and the children of Judah together: going and weeping: they shall go, and seek the LORD their God”.
It was not in “the former days”, but at the end of the “latter days” (after the “seven times” or 2520 years punishment of both Houses has run out) that this is prophesized to take place; and if Israel is already amalgamated with Judah, this and other prophecies can never be fulfilled.
Jeremiah goes on to say in:
In those days, and in that time, saith the LORD, the iniquity of Israel shall be sought for, and there shall be none, and the sins of Judah, and they shall not be found; for I will pardon them whom I reserve (leave as a remnant).
We all know that such a return and union of Israel and Judah has never yet, taken place.
Return “together out of the land of the north”.
According to the amalgamation theory, which has no support of the Scripture, Israel would have gone south to join Judah, instead of Judah going north to join Israel.
For Jeremiah 3:18, says;
In those days, the house of Judah shall walk to the house of Israel and they shall come together out of the land of the north to the land that I have given for an inheritance unto your fathers.
We know that this has never happened. This is not true even of Judah’s return from Babylon. They returned from the south.
When Israel and Judah become “one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel, they are to have one King and be no more two nations” says Ezekiel 37:22.
That this uniting of Israel and Judah was not in the past is again proven by the fact that the Jews never had a king since they went into Babylonian captivity. As a matter of undeniable fact, there never has been, to this very day, a Davidic king reigning in the Holy Land from the year BC 586, when the Temple was destroyed, and the House of Judah was carried away captive to Babylon.
Anyhow, it was not of any human monarch that Ezekiel wrote when his prophetic vision spanned the gulf of ages, and he beheld the glories of the Crowned Redeemer and of His Ransomed, restored and united Israel.
Ezekiel had reference to Him of whose Second Coming we read:
“And he hath on his vesture and on his thigh a name written, “KING OFKINGS AND LORD OF LORDS”, - Revelation 19:16.
And then I ask did the returned captives abide in the land “forever”?
The prophet tells us that, when Israel and Judah are re-united, their descendants were to be in perpetual occupation of the land.
We know that this has never taken place because the Jews were suddenly driven out in AD 70, and have been wanderers for 18 centuries. This shows again that the Ten Tribes did not go back with the Jews when they returned from Babylon!
Jerome was one of the most eminent of the early fathers of the church. He lived in the 4th century, which was more than a thousand years after the Ten-Tribes of Israel went into captivity, and wrote as follows:
“Unto that day, the Ten-Tribes are subject to the Kings of Persia”.
“The Ten-Tribes inhabit at that day the cities and mountains of the Medes”. He knew that Israel had not returned to Judah, that the Ten-Tribes were still separated from the Jews.
Ezra, in the 2nd chapter and the 1st verse, shows us that those who returned to Jerusalem were all from one “province”. This word is in the singular. This is proof that the House of Israel, who were captive not in this “province” but in another country, did not return.
In the book of Ezra, which mentions the two tribes that returned, non-of the Ten-Tribes are listed.
And in the book of Nehemiah, which says, that only Judah, and Benjamin returned, none of the Ten-Tribes are mentioned.
In Zechariah, the 10th chapter, which was written 18 years after the Jews had returned from Babylon, the prophet shows that, when he wrote, the two Houses of Israel and Judah were still separate. And then all his prophecies concerning Israel require that they shall be kept separate from Judah as a people until their future uniting.
On page 500 of the Scofield Bible, Dr. Scofield says: “The two kingdoms are to be reunited in the future kingdom” and then cites a number of Scriptures to prove the assertion.
The amalgamation-theory is hopeless. It is a mere assumption. All who hold that theory will have to abandon it if they follow the testimony of Holy Scripture. If they adhere to their theory, they will be in conflict with the Word of God, and with all the historical facts. Their theory breaks down at every point. None of, those who hold that Israel was amalgamated with the Jews can tell you when the amalgamation took place.
In the authorized daily prayer book of the United Hebrew Congregation or the British Empire, there are three prayers, which they pray for Israel as distinct from themselves. They pray both for Judah and for Israel. In one of these prayers they speak of Ephraim-Israel as “our brethren”.
Dr. V Herman Adler, who in the past, was chief Rabbi of the Jewish Church in England wrote: “The Ten Tribes did not return to the Holy Land”.
In this discussion over the air, we have given you but a small part of the Biblical and historical proof of the distinction between Israel and Judah. We have scarcely touched upon the many wonderful prophecies concerning “Israel”, which have no reference to the Jews, or upon those relating to “Judah” which have no reference to Israel. To discuss these even briefly would furnish material for a good-sized book.
To apply to the Jews the many Scriptures which require that the descendants of Ephraim shall be a “multitude (or Commonwealth) of nations” (Genesis 48:19) in these “last days”, before the union of the two Houses, Judah and Israel, would be equivalent to saying that the only “Commonwealth of Nations” on earth today are Jews.
The Anglo-Saxon nations are Isaac’s-sons or Saxons, but they are not Jews. Only one of the twelve tribes are the descendants of Judah. The promise of “a multitude of nations” was made to Ephraim, not to Judah.
Again, Genesis 48:19 shows us that two great rival nations were to spring from Joseph in “the last days”. To insist on applying this Scripture to the Jews, is equivalent to calling these great rival nations Jews.
Just so, the Scriptures that require that Israel shall be a great military power in the last days, cannot be applied to the Jews; and they are not applicable to Israel during the millennium, when there will be no wars. These promises are pre-millennial, and not consistent with millennial times.
The many Scriptures also which require that Israel in these last days shall be a Maritime People “whose seed shall be in many water”, cannot be applied to the Jews; but they apply perfectly to the BIRTHRIGHT section of Isaac’s descendants to whom the promises were made.
We have seen in other broadcasts that Jerusalem was trodden down of the Gentiles exactly “seven times” or 2520 years to the very day. Obadiah in the 17th verse speaks of the soldiers under General Allenby, who delivered Jerusalem from the Turks on the exact day and in the exact manner in which God says Jerusalem was to be delivered, as belonging to “the House of Jacob”, verse 17. The next verse shows us what part of the “House of Jacob” they were, - “The House of Joseph”.
And the next verse shows what part of the House of Joseph they were, - “Ephraim”, and in the same verse the LORD speaks of them as “the children of Israel”.
Also in Ezekiel 25:14 God shows us that it would be Israel who would drive out the Turks and end “the treading down of the Gentiles” in Palestine. To insist that these Scriptures addressed to Israel are to be applied to the Jews is to call the soldiers of General Allenby - “Jews”.
Thus you see that, if we were to discuss each of the hundreds of Bible reference to Israel, as distinct from the Jews, it would furnish matter for a large volume.
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